Question: What gaskets are used in refineries?
Refineries use a variety of gaskets depending on the specific application and the type of fluid being sealed. Some common types of gaskets used in refineries include:
1. Spiral wound gaskets: These gaskets are made by winding metal and filler materials in a spiral pattern. They provide excellent sealing performance and are commonly used in high-pressure and high-temperature applications.
2. Ring joint gaskets: These gaskets are designed for use in high-pressure applications, typically with metal-to-metal sealing surfaces. They are commonly used in refinery equipment such as valves, flanges, and pressure vessels.
3. Double-jacketed gaskets: These gaskets consist of a soft filler material encased in a metal jacket, and are used in applications where high pressure and high temperature resistance are required.
4. Metal-clad gaskets: These gaskets consist of a soft filler material encased in a metal jacket, and are commonly used in heat exchangers and other refinery equipment.
5. Expanded PTFE gaskets: These gaskets are made from a soft, compressible material that is highly resistant to chemicals and extreme temperatures. They are commonly used in applications where chemical resistance is critical.
6. Graphite gaskets: These gaskets are made from high-purity graphite and are commonly used in high-temperature and high-pressure applications.
It’s important to note that gasket selection in refineries is a critical process, and factors such as the type of fluid being sealed, the temperature and pressure ranges, and the specific application must be carefully considered to ensure that the gasket provides the required level of sealing performance.